Forbes: in Kazakhstan they tried to block the Internet through DPI by analogy with Russia Deep filtering technology did not work in Kazakhstan, so the authorities had to resort to completely disconnecting the country from the Internet, telecom operators told the publication
After the start of the protests in the country, the Kazakh authorities tried to block traffic on the Internet using DPI (deep traffic filtering) technology, which is also used in the sovereign Runet project. in Russia, but they did not succeed, writes Forbes, citing sources among telecom operators. Because of this, the authorities had to disable access to the Network “ almost manually. ''
“ Using DPI, local authorities tried to block instant messengers and VPN protocols '', & mdash; This data was confirmed by Stanislav Shakirov, Technical Director of Roskomsvoboda (an organization that monitors Internet blocking).
Access to the global network in Kazakhstan was lost on January 5, amid a sharp aggravation of the situation and the beginning of clashes in large cities. A few days before, there were interruptions in the work of some websites and messengers in the country. Over the past few days, the connection to the network was temporarily restored several times, but the residents of Kazakhstan finally got access to the Internet only the day before.
DPI technology is already used in Russia to filter traffic. As part of the implementation of the law on the “ sovereign Internet '', which is in effect from November 1, 2019, telecom operators were obliged to install the relevant state equipment at traffic exchange points. The scheme assumes that in the event of a threat to the operation of the Russian Internet, Roskomnadzor will be able to take over the centralized management of communication networks and ensure uninterrupted Internet.
The equipment of the Israeli IT company Allot has been installed on the networks of operators in Kazakhstan, three sources told Forbes. However, it turned out to be “ not sharpened '' under blocking, explained a source close to one of the Russian telecom operators. Therefore, the local authorities instructed the operators to completely block the traffic transmission channel.
The protests in Kazakhstan began in the west of the country on January 2 and were triggered by a doubling of the price of liquefied gas for cars. Soon, actions began across the country, with political demands, including the resignation of the government, began to sound. However, the rallies quickly escalated into pogroms, storming of government buildings, robberies of shops and riots.
A particularly acute situation has developed in Alma-Ata, the former capital of the country, where clashes escalated into hostilities with the use of firearms. As the correspondent of RBC reported, the police completely disappeared from the streets of the city, leaving him to be plundered by looters. The authorities managed to regain control over the country's largest city only after the country's President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev turned to the CSTO for help, and troops were brought into the center of Alma-Ata, which began a “ sweep '' with the use of military weapons.
During the riots and their suppression, more than 150 people were killed. At least 17 security officials were killed.
According to the version voiced by President Tokayev, hostile forces had been preparing events in the country for a long time, perhaps for more than one year, and the actions of the militants were coordinated from one center. Alma-Ata was chosen as the main target, because the fall of the largest city would open the way to capture first the south of the country, and then the whole of Kazakhstan. The attackers, according to the President of Kazakhstan, had a numerical advantage over law enforcement officers at least five times. There was a moment when Alma-Ata and nine regional centers were in their hands, but the arrival of the CSTO contingent helped to recapture the largest city of Kazakhstan from the attackers, he said. International terrorists took part in the attack, Tokayev stressed.
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