The plot of the Great Patriotic War
80 years ago, on November 16, 1941, the words sounded at the Dubosekovo junction: “ Russia is great, but there is nowhere to retreat. Behind Moscow. '' Yes, we are talking about the very battle that glorified 28 Panfilov heroes and became a legend.
Relatively recently, in the wake of the “ revelations of Perestroika '', in the circumstances of that battle, and indeed that it was, many doubted. However, after in 2015-2018. declassified a significant body of documents related to the defense of Moscow, doubts disappeared. Yes, there was a fight. Moreover, he was exactly the same, or approximately the same as he was portrayed in Soviet times.
In particular, one of these new testimonies is the testimony of the military commissar of the same 1075 regiment, the 4th company of which was headed by political instructor Vasily Klochkov , who uttered the famous words: “ Great Russia, and nowhere to retreat. '' This is what the military commissar Akhmedzhan Mukhamedyarov said : “ Up to 50 enemy tanks marched against the second platoon in two echelons. The unequal battle lasted 4-5 hours, the heroes, letting the tanks close at close range, knocked out and destroyed 18 enemy tanks with hand grenades and fuel bottles. After all the fighters of this platoon, led by the political instructor & nbsp; t. Klochkov were killed and crushed by tanks, the enemy managed to break through the regiment's line of defense and move forward. ''
Private is echoing him & nbsp; Illarion Vasiliev survivor of that terrible battle: “ In the morning of November 16, 1941, the Germans launched an offensive on our defenses … Political instructor comrade Klochkov ordered to leave the trenches into passable cracks and told us that we were left alone at the line, we would not retreat, but we would fight to the last … We let the tanks go, crawled up to them from about 7 meters and put bundles of grenades under the tracks, and bottles with flammable liquid were thrown into the slots of the tank crews. We have destroyed a large group of tanks. I remember that at my end, on the left flank, where I was, five tanks were destroyed. ''
Even more valuable testimony was left by Baltabek Jetpysbaev , a career soldier who participated in the liquidation of the Basmachi, and in 1941 became the Komsomol organizer of the 1075th Infantry Regiment, which included 60% of the Komsomol members. On November 16, he was assistant commander of the 5th company of the 2nd battalion. Here is how he described the events of that day: “ On the night of November 15-16, they sat with Klochkov until 2 am. Then we lay down to rest, prepare for battle. My company was stationed about 500 meters from Klochkov. Klochkov stood with his company right next to the railway, I stood to the left. On the morning of November 16, the battle began. 4 German tanks approached us. Two of them were hit, two escaped. There was an attack twice. Most of the tanks went to the Dubosekovo junction area, where Klochkov died. We saw: they turn around and there are tanks going there. There was a fight. Before sunset, one fighter, a messenger, runs up. Klochkov died, they are asking for help there. We have few people left. Many killed and wounded. We repulse the attacks in front, a German tank is coming straight towards us from behind. The tanks went around and appeared from behind. I say: “ Throw grenades and bottles of combustible mixture, we will knock tanks out. '' I have 15 people left out of 75. The rest were killed and wounded & hellip; & raquo;
The division was able not only to defend its positions, but also to completely defeat four (!) German divisions with heroic counterattacks. During this period, Panfilov's men destroyed about 9 thousand enemy soldiers and officers, and also knocked out about 80 tanks. And this despite the fact that the number of the 316th rifle at that time was only about 7 thousand people. But at the time of deployment, it almost corresponded to the staffing according to the Charter & mdash; & nbsp; 11,347 fighters & hellip;
The Germans were stopped in the Volokolamsk direction. Then the commander of Army Group Center Fedor von Bock transferred tank groups to the Leningradskoe highway, concentrating forces in the direction of the village of Kryukovo. Ironically, the 8th Guards Rifle Division was transferred there – this is how the 316th Rifle Division was renamed. Renamed on the day of the death of its commander, Ivan Panfilov . The offensive in the Kryukovo area was stopped by Soviet troops.
By the way, Panfilov had five children. But the first to know about the death of his father was his daughter Valentina … The reason is simple & mdash; & nbsp; she served as a nurse in the 242nd medical battalion of the same 316th division, literally on the front line. A wounded soldier came to her, who, unlike others, somehow endured pain, sobbed bitterly. The nurse tried to comfort him, they say, the wound is not so dangerous, you will live, to which she received the answer: “ What the hell, a wound! Our commander was killed, Batya, Panfilov & hellip; '' It was in the Black Mud sanatorium near Moscow, which had been converted into a front-line hospital. These terrible days for the division and Moscow include the record of Valentina Panfilova herself: “ I work in Abdukarimov's dressing brigade. We do not sleep for the third day, legs move mechanically, there is a noise in my head. More and more wounded … ''
Ivan Panfilov. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
It is not surprising that the Panfilovites were perceived in Moscow as saviors. Here are the impressions of the writer, and in those years & mdash; & nbsp; senior lieutenant Dmitry Potseluev-Snegin , commander of the artillery battalion of the Panfilov division: “ When we got to Moscow, we were amazed that there were posters in Moscow: & ldquo; 8th Guards & mdash; & nbsp; defender of Moscow & rdquo;, a song was broadcast on the radio. And when an acquaintance accidentally met you, he stopped all his acquaintances: “ Here, from the 8th Guards '', and immediately a crowd arose. Why? They must have fought well. Near Moscow, they did not think at all that we fought well, but we simply could not have it any other way & hellip; & raquo;